七年级英语Unit 1 Making New Friends
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Unit 1 Making New Friends

【重点短语】

1. good morning/ afternoon / evening 早上/下午/晚上好

2. glad / nice to meet / see you 见到你很高兴

3. welcome to + 地点 欢迎来到……

4. let’s + v 让我们做……

5. stand up 起立

6. sit down 坐下

7. this is... 这是……

8. thanks = thank you 谢谢

9. see you = see you later = goodbye 再见

10. ID number 身份证号码

11. be from=come from 来自

12. in English 用英语

【重要句型】

1. ---What’s your name? ---My name is Sally.

2. ---Where are you from? ---I’m from China.

---Where do you come from? ---I come from China.

3. ---Where is he/ she from? ---He/She is from Japan.

4. ---What’s this/ that in English? --- It’s a/ an…

5. ---What’re these/ those in English? ---They’re…

6. ---How do you spell it? ---E-R-A-S-E-R, eraser.

7. ---Can you spell it? ---Yes, M-A-P, map.

8. —How old are you/ is he/ are they?

—I’m/ He is/ They are eleven.

9. —What’s yourtelephone number?

—It’s 4567967.

10. —What class/ grade are you in?

—I’m in Class Ten, Grade Seven.(注意大小写)

11. Good morning/ afternoon/ evening.

12. —Hello!/Hi! —Hello!/Hi!

13. —Nice/Glad to see/meet you. —Nice/Glad to see/meet you, too.

14. —Welcome to China/my home. —Thanks.

15. —How do you do? —How do you do?

16. —How are you? —Fine, thank you. And you? —I’m OK.

17. —See you then/ later. —See you.

18. —Goodbye. —Bye.

19. —Thank you. —You’re welcome./That’s OK./Not at all.

【重点语法】

 

1. 元音字母: Aa Ee Ii Oo Uu

包含有以下元音的字母:

[e] Aa Hh Jj Kk

[i:] Ee Bb Cc Dd Gg Pp Tt Vv

[aɪ] Ii Yy

[ju:] Uu Qq Ww

[e] Ff Ll Mm Nn Ss Xx Zz

 

2. 大小写

句首字母,人名,地名,称呼语,专有名词,星期的首字母要大写,引人注意。

• Look!Is that Jane?

• He comes from Hubei, China.

• Mr. Wang, this is my mom.

• —What class are you in?

—I’m in Class Ten, Grade Seven.

• On Sunday, we go to the West Hill for a picnic.

 

3. Be动词的用法

• 我用am,你用are,is用于他、她、它,单数用is,复数就用are。

• 含be动词的陈述句变否定句在be后加not,变一般疑问句将be提前。

• 一般疑问句的肯定回答:Yes, 人称代词+ be;否定回答:No, 人称代词+be + not。

如:---They are teachers. ---They are not teachers.

---Are they teachers? ---Yes, they are./ No, they aren’t.

 

4. 不定冠词、定冠词和and的用法

 

(1)不定冠词a, an的用法

a /an 都表示“一,一个”,a 用在以辅音音素开头的单词前,如:a book; a desk; an 用在以元音音素开头的单词前,如:an apple / an orange/ an English book;/ an English boy/ an old man;/an actor/ an English teacher/ an office worker.

 

(2)the是定冠词,表特指,单复数前面都可用

• We are inthesame class.

• Thegirl in a pink skirt is Jane.

• Where isthebook?

• This isn’t my bike.The blue one is mine.

 

(3) and的用法

• 数字相加看做单数: Two and three isfive.

• 颜色相加也是单数: Black and white isgray.

• 人和事物相加是复数:Lucy and Lily are sisters. The pen and the eraserareJane’s.

 

5. 可数名词单数变复数

(1)规则变化

① 一般在名词词尾加-s,如:car---cars; photo---photos; toy---toys; boy---boys

② 以s, x, ch, sh结尾的词,在词尾加--es,如:box---boxes; bus--buses

③ 以辅音字母+y结尾,变y为i再加es,如:baby--babies; family--families

4)以fe结尾,变fe为v再加es,如:knife--- knives

(2)不规则变化

如:foot---feet; man---men; woman---women; snowman---snowmen;

(3)集体名词:people, clothes, police, family

(4)成双出现的名词:shoes, pants(trousers), gloves, eyes, ears

九. 一词多义:An orange(桔子)is orange(橙色的).



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