中考最容易写错的单词整理
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一、一个星期七天

1. Monday 2. Tuesday 3. Wednesday

4. Thursday 5. Friday 6. Saturday 7. Sunday

 

二、一年十二个月

1. January2. February3. March4. April

5. May6. June7. July8. August9. September

10. October11. November12. December

 

三、一年四季

1. spring2. summer3. autumn4. winter

 

四、容易拼写错的数字

1. eighth第八

2. ninth第九

3. forty四十

4. twelfth第十二

5. twentieth第二十

 

四、亲属称呼

1. daughter (女儿)

2. niece (女性晚辈)

3. nephew (男性晚辈)

4. cousin (同辈兄弟姐妹)

5. aunt (女性长辈)

6. uncle (男性长辈)

 

五、以下动词加-ed或-ing要双写最后一个字母

1. regret (regretted, regretting) 后悔

2. control (controlled, controlling) 控制

3. admit (admitted, admitting) 承认

4. occur (occurred, occurring) 出现

5 .prefer (preferred, preferring) 宁愿

6. refer (referred, referring) 提到

7. forget (forgetting ) 忘记

8. permit (permitted, permitting)允许

9. equip (equipped, equipping) 装备

注意:quarrel, signal, travel中的l可双写(英国英语)也可不双写(美国英语

 

六、部分过去式和过去分词不规则变化的动词

1. broadcast (broadcast, broadcast) 广播

2. flee (fled, fled) 逃跑

3. forbid (forbade, forbidden) 禁止

4. forgive (forgave, forgiven) 原谅

5. freeze (froze, frozen) 结冰

6. hang (作“绞死”讲,是规则的;作“悬挂”讲,其过去式过去分词都是hung)

7. lie (作“说谎”讲时,是规则的;作“位于”讲时,其过去式是lay,过去分词是lain)

8. seek (sought, sought) 寻求

9. shake (shook, shaken) 发抖

10. sing (sang, sung) 唱歌

11. sink (sank, sunk/sunken) 下沉

12. spread (spread, spread) 传播

13. swim (swam, swum) 游泳

14. tear (tore, torn) 撕碎

15. weave (wove, woven) 编织

 

七、意思相近的词

1. check / examine/ test

2. receive / accept

3. destroy /damage

4. celebrate/ congratulate

5. wear / dress

 

八、注意形容词变名词时的拼写变化

1. long—length 长度

2. wide—width 宽度

3. high—height 高度

4. strong—strength力量

5. wise-- wisdom

6. warm- warmth

7. deep- depth

8. curious – curiosity

9. prove (v.) - proof (复数加s)

10. believe-belief (复数加s)

11. tired – tiredness

12. real- reality

13. young – youth

 

九、以-ic结尾的动词,应先把-ic变为-ick,再加ing或ed

1.picnic (picnicked, picnicking) 野餐

 

十、个别名词的复数拼写

1. German (Germans) 德国人

2. gulf (gulfs) 海湾

3. handkerchief (handkerchiefs) 手帕

4. hero (英雄),potato (土豆),tomato (西红柿) 等有生命的以-o结尾的名词变复数时要加-es。

5. roof (roofs) 房顶

6. stomach 胃 (其复数是stomachs而不是加es)

8. proofs (证据)

 

十一、注意动词变名词时的拼写变化

1. succeed—success 成功

2. pronounce—pronunciation 发音

3. explain—explanation 解释

4. decide—decision 决定

5. enter—entrance 进入

6. permit—permission 允许

7. refuse—refusal 拒绝

8. consider—consideration 考虑

9. discover—discovery 发现

10. conclude—conclusion 得出结论

11. arrive—arrival 到达

12. survive- survival 幸存者

13. weigh—weight 重量

14. describe- deion

15. appreciate – appreciation

16. recognize- recognition

17. invite- invitation

18. free-freedom

19. exist-existence

20. serve- service

21. mix-mixture

22. brave-bravery

23. lose-loss

24. expect –expectation

25. admit – admission

26. cruel - cruelty

27. compete – competition –competitor

 

十二、注意形容词变副词时的拼写变化

1. possible—possibly 可能的(记住ble, ple, tle 结尾的变为bly)但whole –wholly 除外

2. true- truth – truly

3. terrible- terribly

4. simple – simply

5. gentle –gently

6. anger-angry- angrily

7. shy-shyly

8. whole- wholly

9. north- northern east- eastern


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